Credit: Ravenna grass can be employed throughout the landscape as a living screen or focal point. Best suited for well-drained soils, including … Matthew Benson, Credit: Just as with other clumping plants like Purple Fountain Grass, divide and replant Lemongrass during its dormant season to ensure a healthy life cycle. Perennial ryegrass is not well suited to areas with prolonged ice cover and extreme cold without adequate snow cover. This hardy plant grows anywhere between one and three feet tall, with long, grayish-green and brown leaves. 20 examples: It is a perennial herb producing a slender, erect stem which may exceed half a… A beautiful, mounding plant, fountain grass offers a graceful shape, plus soft, feathery plumes that dance in the breeze. Beautiful red flowers also bloom on the plant starting in early summer and end in the early fall. Blue Fescues require full sun to thrive and also need additional watering in hot summer months. The soft, subtle hues of Hameln grasses is a perfect combination to offset bolder colors like those found on Blanket Flowers and Salvia. Mexican feather grass is a good choice for erosion control. This graceful grass thrives in poor soil and tolerates dry conditions. Examples of Perennial Plants. It is deer- and drought-resistant and tolerates almost any soil type. We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. © Copyright 2020 Meredith Corporation. These are some of the best varieties to try in your yard; you'll especially love how they look moving gracefully in a breeze. Most have deep tap roots which need to be removed but once this has been done smaller regrowth can be dealt with relatively easily. As a bonus, the plant sends up spikes of lavender, purple, or white flowers in late summer followed by bluish black, berrylike fruits. Another plant with a silvery-blue hue is the Blue Oat Grass. Commonly used as a ground cover plant, the Blue Fescue spreads to about one foot in width and one foot in height. Growing Conditions: Full sun and moist, well-drained soil, Buy It: Maiden Grass, ($29, Wilson Bros. Gardens). Kentucky Bluegrass. During the plant’s dormant period, typically in winter, dig up the perennial grass and split the plant into two different clusters. It also has a tidy mounded habit and won't spread and take over your garden. A North American prairie native, switch grass offers airy plumes in late summer and fall. Since 1788, many perennial grass species have been introduced to Australia. By winter, the flowers have receded, but the plant’s foliage remains just as lovely and healthy, making it a beautiful winter interest plant. Egyptian Papyrus fits nicely into the ornamental grass category. Kentucky Bluegrass is a highly palatable grass that tolerates heavy traffic and close, frequent grazing better than other cool-season grasses, making it well adapted for permanent pastures. Some grasses do well in the shade but may not reach their full potential the same way they would in the sunlight. Buy It: Big Bluestem Grass, ($39, Nature Hills). Its small size and dark green foliage also make it the perfect border plant for brightly colored gardens. In fact, many perennial grassy weeds are not considered weeds, but are considered desirable grasses when growing by themselves under a different set of conditions. The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna, Bella & Lily Top This Year's List of Most Popular Cat Names, tough plant tolerates a wide range of conditions. Article Sources The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. However you choose to use these ornamental grasses, their purpose is to add a decorative flair to your already stunning work of art. An underutilized perennial, cord grass is a spreading prairie grass that thrives in moist or wet soils. Tip. The blue-green foliage of species like Dallas Blue Switchgrass is what makes this plant a notable ornamental perennial. A lovely, tough-as-nails prairie native, little bluestem offers gray-green leaf blades that turn bold shades of purple, red, and orange in autumn. These flowers can produce various colors from vibrant greens to light pinks and deep purple. Among the smaller ornamental perennials, Japanese Blood Grass only grows between one foot and a foot and a half tall. One of the most common grasses, maiden grass is big, beautiful, and easy to grow. Some of the more widely used ornamental grasses aren’t even a grass plant at all. Cultivated appropriately, they can reduce emissions by 85 percent compared to corn ethanol. Perennial weeds come up every year from the same plant and are difficult to get rid of but not as hard as they are often made our to be. Another spectacular winter interest plant is Switchgrass, which holds its shape and color even throughout the winter months. Keep the surrounding soil moist until the two halves have had sufficient time to adapt to their new state. This hardy plant blooms in late summer and is an excellent cool season grass for areas with colder temperatures. Perennial definition, lasting for an indefinitely long time; enduring: her perennial beauty. Big and bold ravenna grass, also known as plume grass, has arching green foliage stalks that are 4 to 5 feet tall and flower stalks expanding to reach 8 to 12 feet tall. This ornamental perennial has golden brown stalks that shoot up to six feet in height. This grass can be slow to take hold but will eventually form large, upright clumps. John Reed Forsman, Credit: Richly colored plants like deep blue Lithodora and the varying shades of Coral Bells make excellent garden neighbors for Mondo grass. Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil, Buy It: Feather Reed Grass, ($36, Nature Hills). Are there any perennial grasses for shade? Why are these perennials considered “ornamental” grasses? A short grass perfect for edging or as a groundcover, blue fescue offers powder-blue foliage on tidy, dwarf mounds. For best results, keep this ornamental grass in medium to wet soils. this website. The seed heads of these flowers pose a potential problem for animals, however. Buy It: Little Zebra Grass, ($33, The Tree Center). Beyond its kaleidoscope of colors, Little Bluestem is noted for its importance as a home to small birds and animals, while also being deer resistant. Fine-textured ryegrass can grow in full sun or partial shade and stands up to drought and disease fairly well. 4. See more. It establishes rapidly, is high yielding with a long growing season, is highly nutritious, recovers well from grazing and tolerates traffic. Some of the easiest perennials to maintain, Mondo grass requires weekly watering and can thrive in both full sun and full shade. 0 Nardus stricta (matweed), found on heaths and dry pastures, is a small perennial with slender rigid stem and leaves, it is a useless grass, crowding out better sorts. Stephen Cridland, Credit: Andre Baranowski, Credit: For those who already own these tools, this list may finally provide the motivation you need to toss that never-been-used soufflé dish. Avoid using harsh weed killers when tending the garden. For example, the Commonwealth Government has listed serrated tussock and Chilean Their upright and far-reaching height makes them excellent borders along fencing and the backside of flower beds. Another magnificent example of the various spectrum of colors these ornamental grasses possess comes in the form of Japanese Blood Grass. Growing Conditions: Full sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil, Buy It: Hair Grass, ($5, Tennessee Wholesale Nursery). This color takes on a deep pink color that transitions into a cranberry-red and a deep burgundy hue throughout the growing season. While this flower does well in various shade conditions, well-drained soil that also adequately retains moisture is imperative for the blossom to flourish. Though you should not wholly soak the plant when watering, Horsetails grow best when kept in consistently moist soil. Perennial definition is - present at all seasons of the year. With delicate, needle-like bristles, the seed heads of Foxtail Barley can cause discomfort if ingested or harm your pet’s eyes and nose if the fine awns get too close to their faces. Perennial bioenergy crops—such as switchgrass, fountain grasses, silver grass, poplar, willow, eucalyptus, and locust—can be different. Referred to as Karl Foerster, Feather Reed Grass is deer resistant and a cool season grass. Buy It: Blue Oat Grass, ($12, Direct Gardening). Perennial ryegrass uses extend from using as a pasture grass or as sod for the home lawn. Planting perennial ryegrass for pasture has many benefits. It's a good choice for growing along the side of a pond or stream. An unusual tender perennial often grown as an annual, fiber optic grass has a fine texture and low, mounding habit perfect for container gardens. This height makes it a dramatic plant for backdrops, poolsides, and broader rock gardens. Using perennial grasses, however, provides a lovely ground cover for flowers and when used in ornamental gardening will add that extra splash of color and beauty to your garden. Richard Felber. During the plant’s dormant period, typically in winter, dig up the perennial grass and split the plant into two different clusters. 16. To see a complete description of our ornamental grasses, simply click on its Botanical Name. Staying atop of your wellbeing is a must, especially during uncertain, stressful times. Remember to kill dandelions naturally, along with other common weeds, by using homemade herbicides and weed killers that won’t harm the other plants in your garden. Pampas Grass is especially dramatic in both height and beauty. Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and well-drained soil, Buy It: 'Dallas Blues' Switch Grass, ($21, Plant Delights Nursery, Inc.). Most lawns are perennial grasses including Bahiagrass, bentgrass, Bermuda grass, blue grama grass, buffalo grass, fescue, perennial bluegrass, perennial ryegrass and zoysias. Some species have adverse impacts on biodiversity by invading native plant communities and displacing native species. Blue Oat Grass (Helictotrichon sempervirens), Feather Reed Grass (Calamagrostis acutiflora), Japanese Silver Grass (Miscanthus sinensis), Hameln (Pennisetum alopecuroides) – The Hardy Perennial Grass, Purple Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum rubrum), Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), Lilyturf (Liriope muscari) – Colorful Perennial Grasses, Japanese Blood Grass (Imperata cylindrica), Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) – The Fly Repelling Perennial, Northern Sea Oats (Chasmanthium latifolium), Privacy Policy – GDPR – Medical Disclaimer – DMCA. If you need a plant suited for shade, but the one you want requires full sun, keep looking for the grass that suits both the look and substance of what you need. Choosing the perfect perennial grass comes down to several factors. This perenni… You’ve spent countless hours on the internet, in the gardening centers and nurseries researching just the right flowers and perennial grasses to suit the look of your dream garden. No spam! The slender reeds shoot up to four feet high and can be added to a garden as a tall border, a backdrop, or can even be confined to a decorative urn for a dramatic effect along walkways. A favorite of gardeners everywhere because of its burgundy-red foliage all season long, this tender perennial is often used in container gardens. Charles Mann, Credit: In the spring, the foliage of big bluestem starts out blue-green, gradually turning green with hints of red and finally changing to reddish-bronze in the fall. Test Garden Tip: Northern sea oats is a fast spreader, so plant in a container or other spot that will keep it in bounds. This species is often included in lawn mixes with other species because it germinates so quickly. Perennial Tickseed. Buy It: Mexican Feather Grass, ($25, Woodie's Garden Goods). We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. Mike Jensen, Credit: Annuals are planted from seed, grow to maturity, produce seed or fruit and then die, all in one year. The key to the Horsetail Grass’s success is to keep it thoroughly watered. It offers narrow, arching foliage (many selections are variegated; look for them to add more color to your landscape) and silvery plumes that are enchanting when the light catches them just right. Like many common turf grasses used for permanent northern lawns in the U.S., perennial ryegrass is native to Europe and Asia. It's a nice choice for partially shaded gardens. Growing Conditions: Full sun or part shade and moist soil, Zones: 10-11 (usually grown as an annual in colder Zones), Buy It: Fiber Optic Grass, ($22, Sooner Plant Farm). Martin Tessler, Credit: Ian Adams, Credit: See which names were most popular this year! In late summer, the grass sports beautiful, pale pink blooms that last throughout the fall. Buy It: Dwarf Pampas Grass, ($18, Greenwood Nursery). Native to the American prairie, big bluestem is a tall, handsome grass that adapts easily to any landscape. Get rid of dandelions and other annoying weeds by spraying them with a commercial or homemade herbicide. A perennial grain is a grain crop that lives and remains productive for two or more years, rather than growing for only one season before harvest, like most grains and annual crops. They also make stunning backdrops for garden benches. Perennials: orchardgrass, tall fescue, perennial ryegrass, kentucky bluegrass, smooth bromegrass, meadow foxtail, timothy, colonial bentgrass, bermudagrass, reed canarygrass, wheatgrasses, big bluestem, switchgrass, and indiangrass. Jay Wilde, 21 of the Best Ornamental Grasses to Add Unbeatable Texture to Your Garden. BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. They include a wide assortment of plant groups from ferns and liverworts to the highly diverse flowering plants like orchids and grasses.. Plants that flower and fruit only once and then die are termed monocarpic or semelparous. The plant has an attractive mounding habit as well. Hameln is a great way to add texture to garden borders and ponds. Ornamental Grasses for … Size: To 7 feet tall. Growing Conditions: Part shade and well-drained soil, Buy It: Gold Japanese Forest Grass, ($30, The Home Depot). These tips will help you make time for self-care for a mental health boost every day. For areas with partial shade, plants like reed grasses and fountain grasses will work. The plants are beautiful and attract birds. These shoots turn a bluish color during the summer before transitioning into their fall colors with beautiful shades of purple, reds, and oranges. Indian wood-oats or northern sea oats is also known as Chasmanthium latifolium. Cyperus papyrus is sometimes called an African native grass or a grass-like plant. Maiden Grass is typically used as a border grass, whether to cover pipes around the perimeter of houses or as space fillers in rock gardens. Northern Sea Oats is a fast-growing plant that performs best in partial shade. Growing just 4-5 feet tall, dwarf pampas grass develops showy white flower plumes in the late summer and fall. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. Affiliate Disclaimer: is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to It looks terrific planted in containers or scattered on a meadow or slope. Buy It: Northern Sea Oats, ($6, Tennessee Wholesale Nursery). Their size is also a key factor depending on whether you intend to use them for ground cover plants, privacy hedges, or as medium-sized borders. These green flowers give off a fantastic fall color when the seed heads deepen into a rich purplish gold. Deciding which grass to select depends on what I want the hedge to do. As with most of the larger perennial clumps, dividing perennial grass, like Purple Fountain Grass, is an integral part of its growth and health. The following are examples of annual and perennial grasses: Annuals: annual ryegrass, annual bluegrass, pearl millet, corn, and sorghum / sudangrass. For example: a Black-Eyed Susan would behave as an annual if grown in Louisiana; whereas, if grown in Ohio, … Each product we feature has been independently selected and reviewed by our editorial team. Zebra grass also has a nice upright habit that looks great in the perennial border. Lilyturf is a type of Liriope, which is a grass-like perennial used in ornamental accent borders. Despite their larger size, Blue Oat Grass plants are ideal as rock garden perennials, in desert gardens, and shine with brilliant blue accents along pool edges. Discover which ones are suitable for your garden, and most of all which are the ones you want to look at when you go out to read and relax. Did You Know? this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Its beautiful blue color and size make it the perfect plant to pair with lavender blooms or blackberry shrubs. To successfully grow annuals, farmers have to suppress or kill the vegetation (weeds) that compete with crops for sunlight, nutrients, and water, especially when the crops are seedli… How do I choose a perennial grass that’s right for me? Your garden is a carefully crafted work of art. With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. Better Homes & Gardens may receive compensation when you click through and purchase from links contained on Like many grasses, this tough plant tolerates a wide range of conditions. This perennial plant has long bright green blades tipped with a reddish color indicative of their name. It is considered the best cool season perennial pasture grass in many areas. Sometimes referred to as Squirrel-Tail Grass, Foxtail Barley receives its “tail” moniker from the long fluffy bristles that protrude from the ends during the flowering seasons. Buy It: Little Bluestem Grass Seeds, ($10, American Meadows). Little Bluestem is a native grass typically found in prairies or terrain with similar conditions. Plus, they can be used in gardens styles ranging from cottage to contemporary. In these mixes, newly germinated seeds “nurse” the slower establishing species, compete with common weeds and slow topsoil erosion caused by wind and sprinkler irrigation. An excellent groundcover, liriope thrives in sun or shade and helps control erosion on steep slopes. What makes these grasses, or grass-like plants, decorative is their aesthetically pleasing contribution to your garden. Growing Conditions: Full sun to shade and well-drained soil, Buy It: 'Emerald Goddess' Liriope, ($28, Wilson Bros. Gardens). After the first frost, these purple, spiky flowers take on a metallic copper color making it an impressive winter interest piece for your garden. All the times and temperatures you need to know to roast turkey, chicken, beef, and pork for your feast. Liriope is not a true grass but a member of the lily family. Get tips for arranging living room furniture in a way that creates a comfortable and welcoming environment and makes the most of your space. It makes a strong statement in the autumn landscape. Lemongrass is another grass-like plant common in ornamental gardening. The Blue Fescue, also known as Elijah Blue, is a small ornamental grass with silvery-blue blades. Perennial tickseed (Coreopsis lanceolata) or lance-leaved coreopsis thrives in the poorest of soil, provided it drains well. These perennial grasses are beautiful and expertly enhance the flowers in your garden. Credit: Pink Muhly or Cotton Candy Grass (‎Muhlenbergia capillaris) Also known as hairawn muhly, this is a perennial, semi-evergreen ornamental grass with fluffy pink/purple flowers and a sedge-like appearance. Especially, do not feign affection. Depending on what's growing in your garden, there's a lot you can do to get your ornamental plants ready for the colder months. Noted for its long, slender vertical effect, Feather Reed Grass is magnificent when planted alongside Shrub Roses or Russian Sage. These exotic beauties can grow up to 72 inches or more, they like moist soil, and they can thrive in a water garden. While Lemongrass thrives in either partial or full sun, the plant does require regular watering to remain healthy and vibrant. Buy It: 'Karley Rose' Fountain Grass, ($32, Wilson Bros. Gardens). Bryan E. McCay, Credit: Among these are the visually appealing features such as color and size. The foliage of the Northern Sea Oats resembles that of bamboo and produces flat, distinctive flowers that droop at the ends. Bamboos used for screening are perennials as are fountain grass, blue fescue, blood grass and black and mondo grass. With slender stems and bright yellow-orange blossoms, tickseed is a low-maintenance, sun-lover that performs beautifully in … An extensive and far-reaching plant, Muhly Grass stretches up to three feet wide and over four feet tall. Planting the most beautiful flowers known to humankind and decorating your walkways with lovely stepping stones adds to the beauty of your little slice of perfection. Purple moor grass offers delightful mounding foliage that turns brilliant gold in autumn. Most gardeners depict Pink Muhly Grass as having soft, cotton candy plumes of flowers, and with good reason. Buy It: 'Elijah' Blue Fescue Grass, ($41, Nature Hills). Ornamental grasses come in various shapes, sizes, and colors. Soft, feathery plumes jut out over the tops of the grass in early fall with colors ranging from white to light pink. Perennial ryegrass is a cool-season grass, meaning it peaks in growth during cool seasons, from fall through spring. 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